3. 性能体现不一样 从技术上讲，路由器和三层交换机在数据包交换操作上存在着明显区别。路由器一般由基于微处理器的软件路由引擎执行数据包交换，而三层交换机通过硬件执行数据包交换。三层交换机在对第一个数据流进行路由后，它将会产生一个MAC地址与IP地址的映射表，当同样的数据流再次通过时，将根据此表直接从二层通过而不是再次路由，从而消除了路由器进行路由选择而造成网络的延迟，提高了数据包转发的效率。同时，三层交换机的路由查找是针对数据流的，它利用缓存技术，很容易利用ASIC技术来实现，因此，可以大大节约成本，并实现快速转发。而路由器的转发采用最长匹配的方式，实现复杂，通常使用软件来实现，转发效率较低。 正因如此，从整体性能上比较的话，三层交换机的性能要远优于路由器，非常适用于数据交换频繁的局域网中；而路由器虽然路由功能非常强大，但它的数据包转发效率远低于三层交换机，更适合于数据交换不是很频繁的不同类型网络的互联，如局域网与互联网的互联。如果把路由器，特别是高档路由器用于局域网中，则在相当大程度上是一种浪费（就其强大的路由功能而言），而且还不能很好地满足局域网通信性能需求，影响子网间的正常通信。
With the largest variety of markets and the biggest value - having reached a peak of 18 billion USD - Bitcoin is here to stay. As with any new invention, there can be improvements or flaws in the initial model however the community and a team of dedicated developers are pushing to overcome any obstacle they come across. It is also the most traded cryptocurrency and one of the main entry points for all the other cryptocurrencies. The price is as unstable as always and it can go up or down by 10%-20% in a single day.
Cryptocurrencies are experiencing a moment of unprecedented attention and speculation for several reasons. 1) The value of Bitcoin has been steadily climbing through 2017, with Ether seemingly poised to overtake the cryptocurrency giant any day; 2) Blockchain technology has purposes above and beyond cryptocurrency, and has been hailed by some as the backbone of the future financial system; 3) The increasing number of people who see cryptocurrency as a form of investment similar to gold. If cryptocurrencies stabilize in value, buying Bitcoin or Ether has the potential to be a worthy venture.
Essentially, if you are interested in trading in digital currencies but don't want to get bogged down in the underlying technology, products like Coinbase are a way to begin a foray into a new form of currency speculation and investing. You do, however, lose some of the advantages of trading in a cryptocurrency and through the blockchain. On Coinbase, you have no pseudo anonymity—your name is attached to your Coinbase account and so is your bank account, so transaction history is relatively easy to track down. And if you're not working on the blockchain, there's not much you can do to ensure that the verification of your transaction history or your account is taking place on the blockchain. You are, instead, placing trust in the intermediary, in this case, Coinbase.
Coinbase was founded in June 2012 by Brian Armstrong and Fred Ehrsam. Blockchain.info co-founder Ben Reeves was part of the original founding team but later parted ways with Armstrong due to a difference in how the Coinbase wallet should operate. The remaining founding team enrolled in the Summer 2012 Y Combinator startup incubator program. In October 2012, the company launched the services to buy and sell bitcoin through bank transfers. In May 2013, the company received a US$5 million Series A investment led by Fred Wilson from the venture capital firm Union Square Ventures. In December 2013, the company received a US$25 million investment, from the venture capital firms Andreessen Horowitz, Union Square Ventures (USV), and Ribbit Capital.