2. 主要适用的环境不一样三层交换机的路由功能通常比较简单，因为它所面对的主要是简单的局域网连接。正因如此，三层交换机的路由功能通常比较简单，路由路径远没有路由器那么复杂。它用在局域网中的主要用途还是提供快速数据交换功能，满足局域网数据交换频繁的应用特点。 而路由器则不同，它的设计初哀就是为了满足不同类型的网络连接，虽然也适用于局域网之间的连接，但它的路由功能更多的体现在不同类型网络之间的互联上，如局域网与广域网之间的连接、不同协议的网络之间的连接等，所以路由器主要是用于不同类型的网络之间。它最主要的功能就是路由转发，解决好各种复杂路由路径网络的连接就是它的最终目的，所以路由器的路由功能通常非常强大，不仅适用于同种协议的局域网间，更适用于不同协议的局域网与广域网间。它的优势在于选择最佳路由、负荷分担、链路备份及和其他网络进行路由信息的交换等等路由器所具有功能。
Coinbase has two core products: a Global Digital Asset Exchange (GDAX) for trading a variety of digital assets on its professional asset trading platform, and a user-facing retail broker of Bitcoin, Bitcoin Cash, Ether, Ethereum Classic, and Litecoin for fiat currency. It also offers an API for developers and merchants to build applications and accept payments in both digital currencies. As of 2018, the company offered buy/sell trading functionality in 32 countries, while the cryptocurrency wallet was available in 190 countries worldwide. On March 26, 2018, Coinbase announced their intention to add support for ERC-20 tokens.
Coinbase is not just a “wallet” for digital money, it is an entire platform that makes it is possible to store, transfer, buy and sell it. The process of signing up is similar to any other website. After logging in, it is possible to choose any national currency in the settings to show the relative rate of Bitcoin. In order to transfer money, it is necessary to add some to the account and then submit the information about the receiver. The latest news concerning Coinbase is that access to its system is now available for 24 countries. Coinbase offers two-factor authentication, exchange on stock markets where all operations are possible without leaving the account, instant confirmation of transfers, and partnership programs which gives users $10 for inviting friends to join the platform.
3. 性能体现不一样 从技术上讲，路由器和三层交换机在数据包交换操作上存在着明显区别。路由器一般由基于微处理器的软件路由引擎执行数据包交换，而三层交换机通过硬件执行数据包交换。三层交换机在对第一个数据流进行路由后，它将会产生一个MAC地址与IP地址的映射表，当同样的数据流再次通过时，将根据此表直接从二层通过而不是再次路由，从而消除了路由器进行路由选择而造成网络的延迟，提高了数据包转发的效率。同时，三层交换机的路由查找是针对数据流的，它利用缓存技术，很容易利用ASIC技术来实现，因此，可以大大节约成本，并实现快速转发。而路由器的转发采用最长匹配的方式，实现复杂，通常使用软件来实现，转发效率较低。 正因如此，从整体性能上比较的话，三层交换机的性能要远优于路由器，非常适用于数据交换频繁的局域网中；而路由器虽然路由功能非常强大，但它的数据包转发效率远低于三层交换机，更适合于数据交换不是很频繁的不同类型网络的互联，如局域网与互联网的互联。如果把路由器，特别是高档路由器用于局域网中，则在相当大程度上是一种浪费（就其强大的路由功能而言），而且还不能很好地满足局域网通信性能需求，影响子网间的正常通信。
Bitcoin is the world’s first cryptocurrency which works on a completely decentralized network known as the blockchain. The blockchain network consists a link of blocks that are secured using cryptography and record all the transactions. Bitcoin was first presented to the world in 2009 by an anonymous identity known as Satoshi Nakamoto. As Bitcoin works on a decentralized network, it is completely free from the involvement of third-party financial institutions or central banks. The Bitcoin blockchain facilitates instant peer-to-peer transactions at minimum transactions fees required to maintain the network. The total number of Bitcoins is fixed at 21 million with its smallest unit being referred to as Satoshi. Each Satoshi represents a hundred millionth part of Bitcoin which means that 100,000,000 Santoshi = 1 BTC. Additional Bitcoins are generated by a process known as mining. Bitcoins are mined by professional miners solving complex computational equations. For each Bitcoin mined, the miners are rewarded with either more coins or transaction fees. The miners also validate all transactions on the Bitcoin network as well as look after the network security. Bitcoin can be exchanged with fiat currencies or other digital currencies. There are over 100,000 merchants and vendors accepting Bitcoin all over the world.
In the case of Bitcoin, miners run computer programs to verify the data that creates a complete transaction history of all Bitcoin. A technology known as the blockchain, which is used to create irreversible and traceable transactions, makes the process of verification possible. Once a miner has verified the data (which comes in a block, hence, blockchain), they are rewarded with some amount of digital currency, the same currency for which they were verifying the transaction history. So mining Bitcoin, for example, would earn you Bitcoin.
The other 2% of customer funds, held online, are covered in the event of a breach of Coinbase's online storage. Also, Coinbase holds all customer fiat currency in custodial bank accounts, on behalf of customers. So, if you have fiat currency in Coinbase, in a USD wallet, it is covered by FDIC insurance up to $250,000 (just like a "regular" bank). This protects customer assets (so long as they have been converted to fiat currency) even in the event of Coinbase becoming insolvent.