Bitcoin is the world’s first cryptocurrency which works on a completely decentralized network known as the blockchain. The blockchain network consists a link of blocks that are secured using cryptography and record all the transactions. Bitcoin was first presented to the world in 2009 by an anonymous identity known as Satoshi Nakamoto. As Bitcoin works on a decentralized network, it is completely free from the involvement of third-party financial institutions or central banks. The Bitcoin blockchain facilitates instant peer-to-peer transactions at minimum transactions fees required to maintain the network. The total number of Bitcoins is fixed at 21 million with its smallest unit being referred to as Satoshi. Each Satoshi represents a hundred millionth part of Bitcoin which means that 100,000,000 Santoshi = 1 BTC. Additional Bitcoins are generated by a process known as mining. Bitcoins are mined by professional miners solving complex computational equations. For each Bitcoin mined, the miners are rewarded with either more coins or transaction fees. The miners also validate all transactions on the Bitcoin network as well as look after the network security. Bitcoin can be exchanged with fiat currencies or other digital currencies. There are over 100,000 merchants and vendors accepting Bitcoin all over the world.
In the case of Bitcoin, miners run computer programs to verify the data that creates a complete transaction history of all Bitcoin. A technology known as the blockchain, which is used to create irreversible and traceable transactions, makes the process of verification possible. Once a miner has verified the data (which comes in a block, hence, blockchain), they are rewarded with some amount of digital currency, the same currency for which they were verifying the transaction history. So mining Bitcoin, for example, would earn you Bitcoin.
Essentially, if you are interested in trading in digital currencies but don't want to get bogged down in the underlying technology, products like Coinbase are a way to begin a foray into a new form of currency speculation and investing. You do, however, lose some of the advantages of trading in a cryptocurrency and through the blockchain. On Coinbase, you have no pseudo anonymity—your name is attached to your Coinbase account and so is your bank account, so transaction history is relatively easy to track down. And if you're not working on the blockchain, there's not much you can do to ensure that the verification of your transaction history or your account is taking place on the blockchain. You are, instead, placing trust in the intermediary, in this case, Coinbase.
2. 主要适用的环境不一样三层交换机的路由功能通常比较简单，因为它所面对的主要是简单的局域网连接。正因如此，三层交换机的路由功能通常比较简单，路由路径远没有路由器那么复杂。它用在局域网中的主要用途还是提供快速数据交换功能，满足局域网数据交换频繁的应用特点。 而路由器则不同，它的设计初哀就是为了满足不同类型的网络连接，虽然也适用于局域网之间的连接，但它的路由功能更多的体现在不同类型网络之间的互联上，如局域网与广域网之间的连接、不同协议的网络之间的连接等，所以路由器主要是用于不同类型的网络之间。它最主要的功能就是路由转发，解决好各种复杂路由路径网络的连接就是它的最终目的，所以路由器的路由功能通常非常强大，不仅适用于同种协议的局域网间，更适用于不同协议的局域网与广域网间。它的优势在于选择最佳路由、负荷分担、链路备份及和其他网络进行路由信息的交换等等路由器所具有功能。
When people talk about the price of Bitcoin, they are referring to the current price at which Bitcoin is changing hands. Since Bitcoin is a purely speculative asset, this price is determined by how little sellers are willing to charge and how much buyers are willing to pay. Even then, the price of Bitcoin can vary across exchanges like Coinbase and Binance or currencies because of market inefficiencies