3. 性能体现不一样 从技术上讲，路由器和三层交换机在数据包交换操作上存在着明显区别。路由器一般由基于微处理器的软件路由引擎执行数据包交换，而三层交换机通过硬件执行数据包交换。三层交换机在对第一个数据流进行路由后，它将会产生一个MAC地址与IP地址的映射表，当同样的数据流再次通过时，将根据此表直接从二层通过而不是再次路由，从而消除了路由器进行路由选择而造成网络的延迟，提高了数据包转发的效率。同时，三层交换机的路由查找是针对数据流的，它利用缓存技术，很容易利用ASIC技术来实现，因此，可以大大节约成本，并实现快速转发。而路由器的转发采用最长匹配的方式，实现复杂，通常使用软件来实现，转发效率较低。 正因如此，从整体性能上比较的话，三层交换机的性能要远优于路由器，非常适用于数据交换频繁的局域网中；而路由器虽然路由功能非常强大，但它的数据包转发效率远低于三层交换机，更适合于数据交换不是很频繁的不同类型网络的互联，如局域网与互联网的互联。如果把路由器，特别是高档路由器用于局域网中，则在相当大程度上是一种浪费（就其强大的路由功能而言），而且还不能很好地满足局域网通信性能需求，影响子网间的正常通信。
In 2014, the company grew to one million users, acquired the blockchain explorer service Blockr and the web bookmarking company Kippt, secured insurance covering the value of bitcoin stored on their servers, and launched the vault system for secure bitcoin storage. Throughout 2014, the company also formed partnerships with Overstock, Dell, Expedia, Dish Network, and Time Inc. allowing those firms to accept bitcoin payments. The company also added bitcoin payment processing capabilities to the traditional payment companies Stripe, Braintree, and PayPal.
The platform stores 98% of customers funds offline to ensure the security of the cryptocurrency assets you purchase and store within Coinbase. On their website, Coinbase assures customers that "sensitive data that would normally reside on our servers is disconnected entirely from the internet." Data is then encrypted, and transferred to USB drives and paper backups, and distributed in safe deposit boxes vaults all over the world.
Essentially, if you are interested in trading in digital currencies but don't want to get bogged down in the underlying technology, products like Coinbase are a way to begin a foray into a new form of currency speculation and investing. You do, however, lose some of the advantages of trading in a cryptocurrency and through the blockchain. On Coinbase, you have no pseudo anonymity—your name is attached to your Coinbase account and so is your bank account, so transaction history is relatively easy to track down. And if you're not working on the blockchain, there's not much you can do to ensure that the verification of your transaction history or your account is taking place on the blockchain. You are, instead, placing trust in the intermediary, in this case, Coinbase.
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In 2018 Coinbase launched their independant mobile wallet for iOS and Android. The wallet stores the private keys on the user’s device and only they have access to the funds. This brings Coinbase full circle as it started out as a wallet, transitioned to an exchange only (claiming that they are not a wallet) and now they are offering wallet services again.
Over 98% of cryptocurrency is stored securely offline and the rest is protected by industry-leading online security. Your account is also subject to the same scrupulous safety standards, including multi-stage verification and bank-level security. You can even lock the app with a passcode, or remotely disable your phone’s access to the app if it gets lost or stolen.